Warts are harmless skin growths caused by a virus called HPV. Warts may grow on any body part, like on the face, finger or on the forearms. These have a rough surface on which tiny, dark dots can often be seen. On pressure areas they appear flat.
They often disappear by themselves, especially in young children. Let’s have a look.
What Are Warts?
Warts are small in size and fleshy growths. They’re categorized as an infection on the top skin layer, or epidermis. Warts are very common and can live anywhere on your body including, knees, fingers, feet and elbows.
What Causes Warts?
Warts are caused by viruses in the human papillomavirus, or HPV family. The HPV virus that causes warts is very common. According to a research, there are over 100 different viruses in the human papillomavirus family.
Fast Facts About Warts:
- One third of children are estimated to have warts, but studies have found that 50 % of these disappear within a year, and 70 percent are gone after 2 years.
- Also 1 in 3 children and teenagers are evaluated to have warts, but only 3 to 5 % of adults.
- Most warts disappear in 1 to 5 years without medications.
- Black dots (blood vessels) in the wart can lead to bleeding.
- 30% of adults and children suffer from warts at any one time.
Are Warts Common?
Warts are very common. Most people develop at least 1 wart in their lifetime, generally on their hands.
Those who are more susceptible to warts include:
- Children, tend to share germs easier and more often while playing with others
- People who bite their nails —Create small cuts in the skin.
- People who have a weaker immune system—more prone to infection.
Are Warts Dangerous?
No, warts are not dangerous. They’re considered to be benign, meaning they’re non-cancerous. Just because of the fact that they don’t cause a threat to your health, doesn’t mean you’ll want to leave your wart where it is.
What Are The Different Types Of Warts?
Different types of warts are categorized by both their appearance and location on your body. Some of the most common types of warts include are following:
- Common warts
- Flat warts
- Plantar warts
- Molluscum contagiosum
- They are the most common wart
- Normally, most patients explain these types of warts as looking like a cauliflower
- They’re dry, flaky, and white.
- They generally appear on elbows, knees, fingernails, and toes
- Flat wart don’t have a raised appearance
- They are smooth and flat
- Also, they’re dry, small, and white.
- Commonly occurring on the faces of children or on the legs of women
- Easily spread through shaving
- These warts are mainly classified by their location on your body
- Develop on your feet, and due to this, it can grow inward due to the pressure of walking.
- Plantar warts one of the more challenging warts to treat.
- Condyloma, or genital warts, are also occur by the HPV virus.
- Genital warts are normally transmitted through sexual interactions.
- Soft growth occurring in your, pubic region, buttock & inner thighs.
- These types of warts normally occur in clusters and looks like small, hard pimples.
- They’re normally located on the armpits, faces of children, buttock & elbows.
- It’s common to experience an itching sensation around your growths.
How The Warts Are Treated?
Some of most common wart treatments include:
- A liquid formula, is applied directly to your wart, derived from the blister beetle,.
- The formula causes a blister-like reaction underneath the wart
- By the time it fall off and detach from your outer layer of skin.
- A solution is applied on your skin by professionals
- The solution works to exfoliate your skin
- Start an immune reaction to eradicate warts from sensitive areas on the body
- As a method of elimination, Liquid nitrogen is used to freeze your wart
- After application, the desired area will feel numb for a certain period of time.
Electrosurgery And Curettage
- Electrosurgery involves lightly burning wart by an electrical current.
- Next step involves scraping off the remaining of wart with a small tool.
- These two medical techniques are commonly used together.
Other treatment used are salycylic acid, minor surgery and laser surgery and other medications.
Most warts have a rough surface. They may be round or oval.
- The spot where the wart is may be lighter or darker than your skin. In rare cases, warts are black.
- Some warts have smooth or flat surfaces.
- Some warts may cause pain.
- Your doctor can treat a wart if it is painful.
- Do not try to remove a wart yourself by cutting, tearing, picking, burning or by any other method.
- Ask your doctor which medicine is good for you.
- Put the medicine on the wart regularly for several weeks or months.
- Follow the instructions on the label.
- Cover the wart with a bandage.
Your doctor may recommend the following treatments if your warts do not get rid off:
- Stronger (prescription) medicines
- A blistering solution
- Freezing the wart to remove it
- Burning the wart to remove it
- Laser treatment for difficult to remove warts
When To Contact A Medical Professional?
Call your provider if:
- You have signs of infection or bleeding.
- The wart causes pain.
- You have anal or genital warts.
- You have diabetes or a weakened immune system (for example, from HIV) and have developed warts.
- Change in the color or appearance of the wart.
To prevent warts:
- Avoid direct contact with a wart on another person’s skin.
- Wash your hands carefully after touching your wart.
- Wear socks or shoes to get away from plantar warts.
- Ask your provider about vaccines
Individuals at higher risk of developing warts include:
- Children and young adults, due to lack of immunity against the virus
- People with weakened immune systems ( with HIV/AIDS or people who’ve had organ transplants)
To determine which type of wart you have, simply schedule an appointment to have your growth evaluated.